Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757)

Essercizi, K. 1-15 (1738)


On the Neapolitan harpsichord


The Essercizi were Scarlatti's first published sonatas, dedicated to the King of Portugal (Scarlatti's former employer) and appearing in 1738. They contain delightfully varied techniques and Affekts (moods), indicative of the newly emerging Classical style.


The instrument is of typical Italian construction: all brass strings, single manual, two sets of 8-foot strings. The harpsichord was restrung in 2012 by Paul Irvin  using a historical schedule after Sodi around 1750, yielding a sweet, resonant tone.

François Couperin (1668-1733)

Suite No. 6 in B-Flat Major

Suite No. 8 in B Minor


On the 18th-Century French Harpsichord


The genius and extraordinary inventiveness of François Couperin made a happy marriage with the extravagantly colorful 18th-century French harpsichord -- grand instrument of the nobility -- as heard in this recording.


The instrument was built for Carol lei Breckenridge in 2006 by Zuckermann Harpsichords, and restrung/revoiced by Paul Irvin in 2012.  It is based on large 18th-century harpsichords of Blanchet and Taskin, and contains 3 registers -- 2X8 and 1X4 -- plus a lute stop; all possible combinations are heard in this recording. Recordings of 2 harpsichords (Italian and French), 2 fortepianos (Florentine and Viennese actions), Hubert clavichord, mostly all historically restrung & voiced by Paul Irvin.  Hear recordings at





Haydn and Mozart

Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart



On the Dulcken Fortepiano (Viennese Action)



   Sonata in F Major, H. VXI/23


   9 Variations on a Menuett by Duport      Fantasia and Sonata in C Minor,

          K. 475 and 457  


These works by the Classical masters Haydn and Mozart exude great energy and drama on the clear, bright-toned "Viennese" fortepiano. An extremely rapid hammer action enables breath-takingly sparkling passages, as well as highly nuanced expression. 

New CD!

"The Bach Family

& The Clavichord" 


Copy of 1765 Friederici Clavichord by Paul Irvin


Johann Sebastian

   Capricicio on Departure of Brother

   Chromatic Fantasy and Fugue

Carl Philipp Emanuel

   "Wurttemberg" Sonata No. 4  

     Free Fantasy in F# Minor       Johann Christian

    Sonata Op. 17 No. 2

    Sonata Op. 17 No. 4

Audio tracks at Arabesque Records:

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